We promote and generate spaces for dialogue, reflection and debate among the public and private sectors, in order to increase the suitability and pertinence of territorial and zoning regulations. We seek to support the processes to review the Zoning Plans (POT) as well as their corresponding regulations.
We generate information, follow-up, monitor and make recommendations to institutions in order to improve the business environment's physical conditions.
Urban Development in Bogotá
Development in the Region
It supports public-private cooperation in making decisions related to urban planning in the municipalities of Cundinamarca.
You can find the memoirs from our events here.
Partial Plans: a management problem
April 21, 2015
Jointly with the Lincoln Institute of Land Policy for Latin America and the Caribbean, the Universidad del Rosario, the Surveys Institute of the Public Ministry of the Attorney General and the Bogotá Regional Office of the Colombian Chamber for Construction (Camacol), the CCB held this international forum on April 21st, during which it shared the results of a study "Assessment of the application of the partial plans and land readjustment in seven Colombian cities. 2006 - 2013", developed by Óscar Borrero and Magda Montaña, which analyses the management of partial plans for land expansion and urban renewal in Bogotá, Medellín, Barranquilla, Bucaramanga, Pereira, Manizales and Ibagué.
Participants to the forum included representatives from private companies and public institutions from cities such as: Bogotá, Medellín, Manizales, Pereira and Bucaramanga, who shared the difficulties they face in their own cities regarding the processing, management and execution of partial plans, and formulated proposals that will contribute to improve the application of such an instrument in the country.
The forum also saw attendance from two international experts: Fernando Navarro, an expert in the management of partial plans and land readjustment from Spain, and Myounggu Kang, an expert in land readjustment and management for partial plans from Korea.
Regarding the experience in Spain, Fernando Navarro stated that in his country there are certain basic principles for urban management: to ensure the equitable distribution of burdens and benefits, to secure value gains and to assure respect for, and compliance with, the rights and obligations of all agents and stakeholders involved in the process. Furthermore, he stated that the public function comprises the planning, organization and control over land occupation; that the Zoning Plans must guarantee the feasibility of the Partial Plans, and that it is the State the one tasked with the financing of the general systems and burdens: "this financing must not fall to the Partial Plans". He also mentioned that the Colombian planning model, based on partial plans, poses certain difficulties such as: i) ensuring adherence by 51% of the land owners; ii) the expropriation processes that may arise in order to gain ownership over 100% of the required land; and iii) regulations that barely develop the contents of the available management tools. Finally, he suggested the implementation of norms with clear criteria both in the Zoning Plans as well as in the Partial Plans, in order to "generate clear rules of the game for both land owners as well as for real-estate promoters, as well as a procedure to adopt the new projects, thus generating a more trusting environment".
Regarding the Korean case, Myounggu Kang states that in the 1950's Seoul had very depressed fringe areas, and that in the mid- 1960's it began to experience an accelerated population growth process, along with urbanism processes calling for the development of low-density housing; this led to two alternatives for Seoul: expansion or controlled development. Furthermore, it called for a movement towards a sustainable city based on favoring general systems which allow for improved land usage with variable densities and leveraging on high rises to generate housing and public spaces. Around 1965 Seoul began a long-term planning process in order to achieve an organized growth, facing the river, and with a subway based mass-transit system, and large areas with significant vegetation in 40% of its territory.
To this end, the expert mentioned that Seoul implemented a land readjustment process, a model that requires an assessment of the land before and after an intervention is made, in order to generate a proper balance between public and private ownership based on leveraging high rises and imposing burdens and obligations to land owners, thus generating a new real-estate configuration with multiple owners and, therefore, an urban transformation that has lasted 40 years. The speaker also pointed out that areas were identified in order to subject them to urban renovation, such as the city downtown area, where a highway was demolished and a river that had been channeled was recovered, which resulted in public spaces being recovered, new green areas and the resulting improvement in quality of life indicators in the area.
Here you will find the memoirs from the Forum on Productive territories: challenges and opportunities
Bogotá, as many other cities in the world, Bogotá suffers from insufficient city planning related to where production is to be undertaken. This condition causes both urban as well as economic conflicts resulting in the expulsion of the industrial uses from the urban perimeter. When this happens, Bogotá loses economic benefits as well as the potential to improve the urban spaces resulting from urban manufacturing.
Therefore, the Chamber of Commerce of Bogotá and Pontificia Universidad Javeriana joined efforts to disclose international experiences in urban planning and design, with the goal of presenting a new vision for planning in Bogotá and to bring a new perspective to this issue from both the private sector and the academia.
The Zoning Plan is useful to direct and prioritize investments in the territory both by the public as well as the private sector. Learn how the CCB participates in the development and drafting of the Zoning Plans